The American architecture reflects a great influence of Chicago architecture quite apparently. The Chicago City is home to number of important buildings designed by eminent architects. As majority of the structures got gutted in the Great Chicago Fire, the buildings are known for their original designs instead of antiquity. Several renowned architects have been credited with the creation of landmark structures of different styles. Colloquially called Chicago Seven, Tom Beeby, Ben Weese, James Ingo Freed, Larry Booth, Stanley Tigerman, James Nagle, and Stuart Cohen, are the architects of Chicago. Daniel Burnham was the man behind "White City" of the World's Columbian Exposition, which revived the Neo-Classical architecture in the entire North America. Although the comprehensive city plan got designed in the Neo-Classical style, substantial chunk of progressive buildings came in existence after the closure of Exposition.
Architecture - Highlights
The magnificence of Chicago architecture can be traced back to the 1880s. Notable architects pioneered the science of steel frame construction. The new technique gained popularity and got extensively utilized in number of buildings such as, the Home Insurance Building of William LeBaron Jenney. However, the trend witnessed a paradigm shift in 1963. Emergence of Second Chicago School was directly attributed to Ludwig Mies van der Rohe. Fazlur Khan, a Bangladeshi-American structural engineer also played an instrumental role in the introduction of framed tubes into the building design and construction. Buildings designed with new structural system include – the DeWitt-Chestnut Apartment Building, John Hancock Center, Wills Tower, World Trade Center, Jin Mao Building, Willis Tower, and Petronas Tower. Besides gigantic skyscrapers, Chicago is distinguished for its large exquisite selection of public art, including brilliant artworks by prolific artists such as, Picasso, Abakanowicz, Miro, and Chagall.
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